According to the Iranian guild system rules, which have been approved by Parliament, Iranian business licenses are not issued by neither municipality nor government but by guild unions that are part of the private sector. This law is one of the most democratic and efficient law which causes increasing the power and effectiveness of guild unions. In practice no one has the possibility of producing or selling garment in Tehran without obtaining license and membership our union’s membership.
Furthermore each city has its own union. The group of all unions of different cities has formed the specialists Garment Union committee named “Iranian Garment Specialists Committee” directed by Tehran Garment Union (TGU).
Ranked as world’s 18th country for population and area, Iran has one of the most ancient civilizations with a history of 10 thousand years. According to historical documents, fabric weaving and textile industry in Iran dates back to more than 8500 years ago. Iranians were the first men to wear tie, around 1700 years back. Regional and ethnic diversity, makes Iran an exclusive country in the world.
Iran has vast plains, high mountains and unique deserts. Iran is rich in natural resources and the 2nd holder of world’s energy reserves. Due to very different climates across Iran, one can experience even up to 50 °C temperature difference at the same day in two places. This country covers distance between Persian Gulf and Caspian Sea and is the main road between Asian and European lands.
• Iran in the literary sense: Land of the Aryans;
• South west of Asia, in Middle East region;
• Population: 80.1 million;
• Area: 1,648,195 square kilometers;
• Capital: Tehran;
• Ranked 4th in Asia and 12th in the world for monuments registered in UNESCO (with 19 registered world heritages);
• Regime: Islamic Republic;
• A country with four different climates: cold & mountainous (westerns mountains), hot & dry (central plateau-largest desert), temperate (Caspian southern coasts) and hot & humid (western coasts)
Guild System Regulation of Iran
According to the Iranian guild system regulation approved by Iranian Parliament, issuing business license or permit in any specialized area, has been assigned to the private sector unions, therefore municipalities and government cannot interfere. This is one of the most efficient laws, increasing authority and influence of guild unions. Based on this law, in practice no one can legally manufacture or sell garment in Tehran, without receiving a license and membership from this union. Furthermore, each city has its own union and a predefined scope of activity. All these unions together form the “Iranian Garment Specialists Committee” which is working under management of Tehran Garment Union (TGU) with Mr. Shirazy as the president.